Is it Protected by Copyright?
For works published in the U.S.A.*
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The information on this site applies to use within the
U.S. for works as outlined in Section 104 of the U.S.
Copyright Act. See
17 U.S.C § 104.
Copyright terms and use of copyrighted works in
another nation are governed by that nation's laws. Works
prepared by an officer or employee of the United
States Government as part of that person's official
duties receive no copyright protection in the U.S.
If you would like to modify this tool (by adding local contact
information for copyright queries) and serve it from your
institution, or if you have any other questions or comments,
please contact Carrie Russell at the ALA Public Policy and Advocacy office at:
or Michael Brewer at
This tool is designed to provide accurate and
authoritative information with regard to the subject covered.
This information is given with the understanding that neither
the American Library Association, the ALA Office for Information
Technology Policy nor Michael Brewer are engaged in rendering
legal, copyright or other professional advice. Since the
details of each copyright issue are fact-dependent, consult
with your organization's copyright specialist or legal
advisor regarding copyright questions.